Scientific Name: Numididae
Guinea fowls are called also called “pet speckled hen” or “original fowl”. They belong to the Numididae family in the order of the Galliformes. They are native to the continent of Africa and are the oldest of the gallinaceous birds.
The insect and seed eating, ground-nesting birds of this family are similar to partridges, but with featherless heads. Most species of Guinea Fowl have a dark grey or blackish plumage with dense white spots. These large birds measure from 40–71 cm (16–28 inches) in length, and weigh 700–1600 grams or 1.5-3.5 pounds.
Guinea Fowl species are found across Sub-Saharan Africa. They live in semi-open habitats such as Savannah, Semi-deserts, forests and tree-tops.